Carp::Clan - Report errors from perspective of caller of a "clan" of modules
carp - warn of errors (from perspective of caller) cluck - warn of errors with stack backtrace croak - die of errors (from perspective of caller) confess - die of errors with stack backtrace use Carp::Clan qw(^MyClan::); croak "We're outta here!"; use Carp::Clan; confess "This is how we got here!";
This module is based on "
Carp.pm" from Perl 5.005_03. It has been modified to skip all package names matching the pattern given in the "use" statement inside the "
qw()" term (or argument list).
Suppose you have a family of modules or classes named "Pack::A", "Pack::B" and so on, and each of them uses "
" (or at least the one in which the error or warning gets raised).
Thus when for example your script "tool.pl" calls module "Pack::A", and module "Pack::A" calls module "Pack::B", an exception raised in module "Pack::B" will appear to have originated in "tool.pl" where "Pack::A" was called, and not in "Pack::A" where "Pack::B" was called, as the unmodified "
Carp.pm" would try to make you believe
This works similarly if "Pack::B" calls "Pack::C" where the exception is raised, etcetera.
In other words, this blames all errors in the "
Pack::*" modules on the user of these modules, i.e., on you.
The skipping of a clan (or family) of packages according to a pattern describing its members is necessary in cases where these modules are not classes derived from each other (and thus when examining
@ISA - as in the original "
Carp.pm" module - doesn't help).
The purpose and advantage of this is that a "clan" of modules can work together (and call each other) and throw exceptions at various depths down the calling hierarchy and still appear as a monolithic block (as though they were a single module) from the perspective of the caller.
In case you just want to ward off all error messages from the module in which you "
use Carp::Clan", i.e., if you want to make all error messages or warnings to appear to originate from where your module was called (this is what you usually used to "
), instead of in your module itself (which is what you can do with a "die" or "warn" anyway), you do not need to provide a pattern, the module will automatically provide the correct one for you.
I.e., just "
" without any arguments and call "carp" or "croak" as appropriate, and they will automatically defend your module against all blames!
In other words, a pattern is only necessary if you want to make several modules (more than one) work together and appear as though they were only one.
As a debugging aid, you can force "
Carp::Clan" to treat a "croak" as a "confess" and a "carp" as a "cluck". In other words, force a detailed stack trace to be given. This can be very helpful when trying to understand why, or from where, a warning or error is being generated.
This feature is enabled either by "importing" the non-existent symbol 'verbose', or by setting the global variable "
$Carp::Clan::Verbose" to a true value.
You would typically enable it by saying
use Carp::Clan qw(verbose);
Note that you can both specify a "family pattern" and the string "verbose" inside the "
qw()" term (or argument list) of the "use" statement, but consider that a pattern of packages to skip is pointless when "verbose" causes a full stack trace anyway.
Carp::Clan" routines don't handle exception objects currently. If called with a first argument that is a reference, they simply call "
die()" or "
warn()", as appropriate.